What is a DNS?



what is a DNS

In order to understand domain names, it is crucial to understand what is a DNS. The domain name system, or DNS, is a database for all websites. Consider it as the phonebook of the internet, through which users can find the address of the website they want to visit.

Overview of the DNS and its function in translating domain names into IP addresses

In reality, the internet works through IP addresses. These IP addresses are numerical numbers in a specific format, like 192.09.2.1. In fact, each device connected to the internet has its own IP address, which is difficult for humans to remember. At the same time, a website can also have one or more IP addresses, depending on whether it’s hosted on a public or private server.

Nonetheless, IP addresses are translated into domain names. The DNS servers read these IP addresses and translate them into domain names for humans to understand and remember. The computers and devices then communicate with each other and fulfill the users’ requests by communicating with each other using these IP addresses.

How does DNS work?

The DNS works in a series of steps that are performed in seconds. The task of the DNS servers is to read the user query and work on locating the website.

It is easy to understand the whole process if you know about the hierarchy of DNS servers.

·       Step 1: User request

DNS servers start working as soon as they get a user query or request. This user query is the name of the website the user is looking forward to accessing. As the user enters the website address, e.g., www.abc.com, the DNS lookup starts working.

·       Step 2: Checking the local DNS cache

After the query is entered, the user’s device first checks the local DNS cache for the record of the IP address. If the user has previously visited the site, the DNS work ends here. However, if the IP address isn’t found in the local DNS cache, the search continues.

·       Step 3: Checking the local DNS resolver

The local DNS resolver is the server that receives the user’s search query next. To find the desired IP address associated with the domain name entered, it starts a recursive query process. It tracks down the local DNS cache records for the IP address and returns with a resolution. However, the request is transferred to the next server if it doesn’t find the record for the user’s query.

·       Step 4: Checking the root DNS server

If the information isn’t found in the DNS resolver cache, the server requests the root DNS server. It’s a global DNS server that contains the records of all holding server’s top-level domains.

The job of the root DNS server is to send the IP addresses of TDL DNS servers to the DNS resolver as requested by the user. The resolver then contacts the TDL DNS servers.

In return, TDS DNS servers respond to the DNS resolver with the IP addresses of the authoritative DNS servers. The authoritative DNS servers are responsible for housing second-level domain names. The resolver then contacts the authoritative DNS servers with the request. If the user’s query is for the second-level domain, the authoritative DNS server fulfills the request and sends the required IP address.

·       Step 5: Update the IP address in the DNS resolve cache.

The DNS resolver now has the required IP addresses updated in its cache. This helps in quickly resolving future requests related to the same IP address.

The DNS resolver also must respond to the user with the IP address.

The significance of DNS in internet navigation and communication

DNS plays an important role in internet navigation and communication. Some of its functions include:

  1. Helps humans access the internet in a language understandable by them. It’s responsible for translating the numerical value of IP addresses into domain names.
  2. Lets humans access the internet and websites across the globe, irrespective of geographical boundaries.
  3. Eliminates redundancy in data and balancing the load across multiple servers.
  4. Through DNSSEC (Domain Name System Security Extensions), it ensures that the security and authentication of information is passed from one DNS server to another.

What is a DNS, explained in a nutshell: DNS plays an important role in making the internet accessible to us. It helps translate IP addresses to domain names and is important to internet navigation and communication.

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Freename domains are blockchain-based assets and would be minted and stored using a wallet. Users are required to mint and manage their domains using a Metamask or Coinbase-configured wallet. It must be a non-custodial wallet, meaning that one must own the private keys to the wallet in order to approve transactions via a signature.

To benefit from Freename Web 3 domains/TLDs, you must have a wallet. This is because Web 3 domains/TLDs are blockchain-based assets. Users can mint and manage their domains using Metamask or Coinbase-configured wallets.

Keep in mind that it must be a non-custodial wallet. You own the private keys to the wallet (in order to approve transactions via a signature).

Are the Domains Associated with ICANN?

ICANN does not manage freename.io domains. Freename.io believes their TLDs/domains must allow customers to operate independently. Freename.io wants to build a utility infrastructure, allowing customers to use their services for valuable and generative purposes. By leveraging blockchain technology, Freename Web 3 domains/TLDs have no centralized authority imposing rules and regulations.

What is a Wallet?

Every blockchain user requires a wallet in order to interact with the network. A wallet is essentially an account on the blockchain where transactions can be sent and received. It is also where one can store blockchain assets such as cryptocurrency or NFTs (non-fungible tokens). There is no personal information associated with a wallet and none is required to create one. A wallet consists of a public key and a private key. The public key can be safely shared with anyone who wishes to send assets to the corresponding wallet, however, the private key should not be shared and is the key to accessing the wallet in the event where access is lost or to create another instance.

A crypto wallet (cryptocurrency wallet) is software or hardware that enables users to store and use cryptocurrency. With cryptocurrencies, there isn’t any actual money to carry around in a wallet. They exist on the blockchain. Similarly to traditional bank transfers, crypto wallets enable users to send and receive cryptocurrencies, NFTs, etc.

A wallet consists of a public key and a private key. To receive assets, you share your public key associated with your wallet. You should NEVER share your private key.

How do i Claim my Earnings from Freename

ou can withdraw revenues generated passively through a cryptocurrency transfer. Connect your cryptocurrency wallet and, once your withdrawal request is confirmed, the desired amount is pulled from Freename’s reserves and conveniently delivered to you!

Claim your earnings by following these steps:

  1. Connect your cryptocurrency wallet to Freename.io
  2. Request a withdrawal
  3. Receive request confirmation
  4. Receive withdrawal directly to your wallet.

Can i Transfer Domains?

Yes. The domain is stored in your cryptocurrency wallet and can be transferred by you after you have minted it. Access your portfolio, select the TLD or Domain you wish to transfer and type the recipient’s address. Afterwards, you must paste the OTP code you received by mail to confirm the transaction. Keep in mind that currently, it is not possible to import the domain that has been transferred, but it will be possible soon!

Yes. Domains are transferable ONLY after a TLD/domain has been minted and stored in a user’s wallet.

To transfer the TLD (or domain), the user must:

  • Access their wallet
  • Select the item they want to transfer
  • Enter the recipient’s address.
  • Confirm the transaction by pasting the OTP received by email

In the future, Freename.io will support importing domains that have been transferred.

What about Trademarks?

Registering a trademark on your Freename Web3 TLD will allow you to protect your web3 TLD and your logo worldwide juridically.

From the moment you deposit a trademark request, your web3 TLD will be protected worldwide for 6 months awaiting for the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (IGE.ch) to confirm and register the availability of your TLD.****

A trademark is any symbol, phrase, or word that allows customers to identify a company’s goods or services. Freename is a web3 domain/TLD provider that also provides trademark registration.

A user must reach out to the trademark department to register a trademark. To get your trademark filed for review at the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property, a user must provide the following:

  1. Complete a Know your customer (KYC)
  2. A list of TLDs they wish to trademark
  3. Proof of payment

Once these conditions are met, it takes one week for the trademark to be reviewed and logo/TLDs to be provided with six months of worldwide protection.

Is Minting the same as Buying?

Purchasing a TLD (or domain) on Freename and minting it on the blockchain are two distinct steps. When you purchase a TLD (or domain), the transaction is recorded in Freename’s database and not on the blockchain. Minting a TLD (or domain) on the blockchain requires a second step: log into the user’s personal area, select the TLD (or domain) and press “mint TLD” (or domain): done! Don’t worry, once you have purchased a Freename domain, no one can take it away from you!

No. Buying and Minting a TLD/domain are two different things.**

Buying **is the process of recording a transaction on Freename’s database and not on the blockchain.

Minting is the process of pushing a user’s domain from Freename.io data onto the public ledger of a blockchain and into a user’s wallet. Giving the user full control over the TLD/domain.

It is very easy to mint a domain/TLD once you purchase it. Simply:

  • Log into your personal area
  • Select the TLD (or domain)
  • Press “mint TLD” (or domain)

What is Domain Minting?

Minting is the process of publishing a Freename domain (or TLD) on the blockchain via your wallet to gain full custody of the domain. This means that the only person that has control over the domain (or TLD) is the person who controls (has access to) the wallet.

Minting is the process of pushing a user’s domain from Freename.io data onto the public ledger of a blockchain and into a user’s wallet. Giving the user full ownership over the domain.

Minting on Freename.io is as simple as the following steps:

  1. Go to the Freename.io website
  2. Enter the TLD/domain you want to buy in the search bar
  3. Add the TLD/domain to your cart
  4. Go to checkout
  5. Create a Freename.io account
  6. Purchase the TLD/domain with cryptocurrency or a credit card
  7. Go to “portfolio and incomes.”
  8. Click on mint TLD/domain

Which domains are Protected?

Protected domains and TLDs are domains and TLDs that we’ve detected are associated with a brand, organization, or notable person. We believe it is important to increase adoption for the next generation of the internet by helping to onboard brands into the Web3 era. If you are interested in applying for a Protected domain, please contact us.

TLDs/Domains associated with a notable person, brand or organization are considered Protected Domains. Protected domains help onboard brands in Web 3 increasing adoption. Protected domains also protect users from others impersonating/stealing their domains.

Reach out to Freename.io to apply for a protected domain.

Why use Freename?

Freename domains are unique by their very nature: only with Freename you can register domains with unique TLDs for your digital identity while passively earning money!

Freename.io is not only the leading TLD and Domains platform in Web 3, but also lets users generate passive income!

Owning a Freename Web 3 TLD entitles users to receive passive income whenever a domain is bought on their TLD. Users can register and mint TLD/domains of their choice if available.

What is a Domain?

A domain name is a string of letters and/or numbers that points to the IP address of the corresponding website. Generally, it is easier to remember a name than a long string of numbers.

A domain name is an address that people type into a browser bar to find a website. It consists of a Top-Level Domain (TLD), everything that comes after the dot, and the Second-Level Domain (SLD), everything that comes before the dot.

For example, “Freename.io” is the domain name, “Freename” is the SLD and “io” is the TLD.

Which Chains are Supported?

Freename has a multi-chain approach. You can choose on which Blockchain to mint your Web3 Domains and TLDs ranging Among Polygon, Cronos, and Binance.

A user can mint a Freename.io domain/TLD on the following blockchains:

  • Polygon
  • Cronos
  • Binance

Freename plans to expand its multi-chain approach by adding blockchains upon which domains can be minted.

Are there Renewal Fees?

No! Once you’ve bought a Freename Domain or TLD, it’s yours forever, no renewal fees ever!

No. There are no renewal fees on Freename.io. Once a user has paid a one-time payment for a domain/TLD, they own it. Forever.

This is the significant advantage of Web 3 domain/TLD over traditional alternatives.

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